Fishing 101: How to Release a Fish


When learning how to release fish, there are conservation-minded steps that should be followed to help ensure higher survival rates for your catches. These specific actions, starting with tackle selection and continuing through resuscitation, will contribute to sustainable fishing efforts.

Learning how to fish involves more than catching and storing fish. At some point, all anglers will be faced with the need to return fish they are not allowed to keep to the water, due to size, season, creel limits, or local catch-and-release fishing regulations.

Mastering the task of fish release by following the steps in this section will give you confidence that you know how to release fish in a way to protect fish populations for future generations of anglers.


You might be asking yourself, “What’s the best way to handle fish to ensure they survive release?” Whether or not they do largely depends on the angler. Learning how to release fish from a hook takes practice in general. Understanding how to handle fish and how to release fish in a conservation-friendly manner are the first few steps you can take to help promote fishing conservation.

  1. Use wet hands when handling a fish or a knotless rubberized landing nets (and rubberized – not cotton- gloves if you must wear gloves). This helps maintain the slime coat on the fish, which protects it from infection and aids in swimming. Anglers that know how to practice proper catch and release never use a towel of any kind when handling fish since a towel can remove this slime coat.
  2. Hold the fish horizontally whenever possible since this is the way fish naturally swim through the water. Do not drop the fish onto hard surfaces!
  3. Keep your fingers away from the gills and eyes of the fish.